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Pre and Post Surgical Rehabilitation

Pre Surgical Rehabilitation 

Physical therapy is a crucial component of the pre-surgical preparation process. Pre-surgery physical therapy aims to optimize a patient's physical condition before undergoing a surgical procedure, enhancing the chances of a successful recovery and improved outcomes post-surgery. This informational page will guide you through the importance of pre-surgery physical therapy, its benefits, common exercises, and what to expect during your sessions. 


Why is Pre-Surgery Physical Therapy Important? 

  1. Improved Surgical Outcomes: When your body is in better shape before surgery, it can better handle the stress of the procedure. Strengthening the muscles around the surgical area can lead to reduced complications and a smoother recovery.

  2. Faster Recovery: Pre-surgery physical therapy can accelerate your post-operative rehabilitation process. It helps maintain joint flexibility, muscle strength, and overall mobility, making it easier to regain function after surgery. 

  3. Enhanced Pain Management: Pain management is an essential aspect of pre-surgery preparation. Physical therapy techniques can help reduce pain levels, which may allow for a decrease in pain medication usage during the recovery period. 

  4. Increased Confidence and Mental Preparation: Engaging in physical therapy before surgery helps familiarize patients with post-operative exercises and what to expect during recovery. This can boost confidence, reduce anxiety, and improve overall mental preparation for the surgery. 



Common Pre-Surgery Physical Therapy Exercises 

  1. Range of Motion Exercises: These exercises aim to maintain or improve the range of motion in the affected joint or limb. Gentle stretches are performed to prevent stiffness and enhance joint flexibility. 

  2. Strengthening Exercises: Targeting specific muscle groups surrounding the surgical site can help increase muscle strength, offering better support to the area during the recovery phase. 

  3. Cardiovascular Conditioning: Depending on the surgery, cardiovascular exercises such as walking, stationary cycling, or swimming may be recommended to improve overall cardiovascular health and endurance before the procedure. 

  4. Balance and Stability Training: Improving balance and stability can reduce the risk of falls during the post-operative period when patients may be more susceptible to balance issues. 

  5. Breathing and Relaxation Techniques: Learning deep breathing and relaxation exercises can help manage stress and anxiety before the surgery, potentially leading to a smoother recovery process. 



What to Expect During Pre-Surgery Physical Therapy Sessions 

  1. Initial Assessment: Your physical therapist will conduct a thorough evaluation of your current physical condition, medical history, and the upcoming surgical procedure. This assessment helps determine the appropriate exercise plan for you. 

  2. Personalized Treatment Plan: Based on the assessment, your physical therapist will design a personalized treatment plan tailored to your specific needs and surgical requirements. 

  3. Guidance and Education: Throughout your sessions, the physical therapist will guide you through exercises, ensuring correct form and technique. They will also educate you about self-care strategies and exercises you can perform at home. 

  4. Progress Tracking: Your progress will be regularly monitored, and adjustments to the treatment plan will be made as needed to address any changes in your condition. 


Pre-surgery physical therapy can significantly contribute to a successful surgical outcome and a smoother recovery. It prepares your body physically and mentally for the upcoming procedure, ultimately leading to improved post-operative results. By engaging in a personalized exercise program, you can enhance your strength, flexibility, and overall well-being before undergoing surgery. Always consult with your healthcare provider and a licensed physical therapist to determine the most appropriate pre-surgery physical therapy plan for your specific needs. 

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